Posted by: msmc4 | March 26, 2010


As I have continued to research infectious diseases, I have noticed one question in particular being asked frequently. What is the most effective way to avoid contracting an infectious disease? According to the CDC, the most effective way to prevent contracting or transmitting an infectious disease is through proper hand hygiene.

There are five steps to proper hand washing:

  1. Adjust the temperature of the water so that it is lukewarm
  2. Place a quarter size amount of soap in your hands. Vigorously wash your hands for at least 20 seconds focusing on the back of the hands, wrists, between the fingers, and under the fingernails.
  3. Rinse hands well.
  4. With the water running, dry hands with a single use paper towel.
  5. Using the paper towel, turn water off.

In order to reduce the risk of contracting an infectious disease, proper hand washing should be done after using the restroom, coughing, sneezing, using tobacco, handling raw meat, and any other activities that contaminate hands. For a more descriptive list, click here. Alternatives such as alcohol-based sanitizers can be used if soap and water are not available.



  1. I did some restaurant inspections for Dr. Cole over the summer, and the worst places for cleanliness are mall food courts. Zupas, on the other hand, runs the most immaculate kitchen I inspected.

  2. I already liked Zupas, but now I like them even more! I worked with the Environmental Health Promotion dept. at Utah County last year and we presented to elementary schools about washing hands. The kids had so much fun and knew so much. We’ve got to make sure we start the habit young so that they don’t even have to think about it later on.

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